BENEFITS AND PROPERTY OF ERAND (RICINUS COMMUNIS)

Dr. Omprakash Yadav

By Dr.Omprakash Yadav Contact:-shivshivaayurveda@gmail.com Ph no:-+918080747455 /+9196996666426

Introduction OF ERAND (RICINUS COMMUNIS)

एरण्डमूलं वृष्यवातहराणाम्॥(च.सू २५)
Castor root is the best is best among herbs which have capability for pacifying vata dosha and aphrodisiac in nature.
Seeds of this plant are highly toxic due to the presence of chemical compound ricin.
So before using seed in formulation purification is done through Ayurveda classical method.
Castor seed oil is beneficial for rheumatism and constipation.

AYURVEDA DETAILS OF ERAND (RICINUS COMMUNIS)

GANA

Behdniya- Herbs used for purgation.
Angmarda prashmana- Herbs which are good for relieving body aches.
Svedopaga-Herbs which are good for sweating.

BOTANICAL NAME:- RICINUS COMMUNIS

FAMILY:- EUPHORBIACEAE

SANSKRIT NAMES

Amanda, Amangala, Bhanda, Chankuka, Chitrabija, Chitraka, Citra, Citrabija, Citraka, Dirghadantaka, Eranda, Erandah, Gandharavahasthah, Gandharvahasta, Gandharvahastaka, Gandharvahastakah, Hastikarna, Hastiparnaka, Ishta, Kanta, Oancangulah, Pancangula, Pancangulah, Pancangulavatari, Panchangula, Panchangulam, Panjangula, Raktaeranda, Rubu, Ruvuka, Shukla, Shulashatru, Suklah, Svehaprada, Taruna, Triputi, Triputiphala, Tuchhadru, Urubaka, Urubu, Urubuka, Usravuka, Uttanapatraka, Vardhamana, Vardhamanaka, Vatari, Vuka, Vyadambaka, Vyadatvaka, Vyaghradala, Vyaghrapuccha, Vyaghrapuchha, Yeranda, Ndataila

DESCRIPTION

Ricinus fast growing evergreen, herbaceous and semi woody large shrub gain height up to 5 mt and width is 4.5 m wide. The glossy leaves are green to purplish in color and are palmate, with 5-11 deeply incised lobes and have long petioles. Stems contain hollow nodes and are green to reddish in color. Male flowers are on the lower spike of flower with yellow colored anthers and female flower is egg shaped capsules, reddish brown and are thickly covered with soft flexible spines. Each capsule contains three seeds that look like fat, swollen and are deadly poisonous with brownish mottling.

PART USED:- ROOT, LEAF, SEED, OIL

DOSE:- Root 10 - 20 gm, Seed 2 - 6 parts, Oil 4 - 16 ml

CHEMICALCONSTITUENTS

Ricinine, Albumin, Ricin, Octacosanol, Ricinine, Gallic acid, Lupeol, Sodium, Magnesium, Chloride, Nitrate, Iron, Aluminium, Mnganese, Calcium, Rutin, Ricinine, Apigenin, Cholorogenic, Oleic, Palmitic, Ricinoleic, Stearic

AYURVEDA PROPERTIES

GUNA (Quality):- Snigdha (oily, unctuous), Teekshna (strong, piercing), Sookshma (enters minute body channels)
RASA (Taste):- Madhura (sweet), Katu (pungent), Kashaya (Astringent)
VIPAK (Metabolism):- Madhur  Undergoes sweet taste conversion after digestion
VIRYA (Potency):-Ushan Hot potency
Effect on Tridosha:- Balances Kapha and Vata Dosha.

Ayurveda Parmacological Action

Udavartahara-relieves bloating and gas distension in abdomen
Pleehaghna-spleen disorders and splenomegaly
Gulmahara- abdominal tumors
Bastishoolahara- relieves bladder pain
Antravruddhinut- hernia
Vata prasaman- Passify vata
Shonita Vikara- relieves blood disorders
Shoshahara- relieves emaciation
Shoolaghna- relieves abdominal colic pain
Margashodhana- cleanses srotasha i.e. chanels
Shwasahara- in treatment of asthma and chronic respiratory disorders.
Kasahara- cough and cold
Anahahara- relieves gas, fullness of abdomen
Kati Basti Rujahara- relieves pain in lower back and bladder region.
Shiroruji- headache
Mehahara- urinary tract disorders and diabetes
Amavatahara- rheumatoid arthritis
Shothahara- relieves swelling and edema

Eranda Phala – Castor fruit uses:

Svaadu- sweet in taste
Sakshara- slightly alkaline
Laghu- light to digest
Ushna- hot in potency
Bhedi- purgative
Vatajit- Balances Vata Dosha

Castor leaf benefits:

Vataghna- Balances Vata Dosha
Kaphahara- Balances Kapha Dosha
Krimihara- useful in worm infestation
Pitta Prakopi- increases Pitta
Mutradoshahara- useful in urinary tract infection
Gulmahara- useful in abdominal tumors
Bastishoolahara- relieves bladder pain
Vruddhi- useful in hernia
Mutrakrichrahara- Relieves dysuria, urinary retention

Castor fruit uses:

Atyushna- very hot in potency
Katu- pungent taste
Gulmahara- useful in abdominal tumors
Shoolahara- relieves abdominal colic pain
Anilapaha- Balances Vata Dosha
Yakrut hara- useful in liver disorders
Pleehahara- useful in spleen disorders and splenomegaly
Udarahara- useful in ascites
Arshaghna- useful in piles, haemorrhoids
Deepana- improves digestion strength
Kaphavatahara- Balances Kapha and Vata Dosha

Castor flower uses:

Vata ghana- balances Vata Dosha
Kapha pitta vinashan- disorders of kapha and pitta
Mutra dosha hara- Urinary tract infection and disorders
Raktapitta prakopam- worsen bleeding disorders.
In case of snake bite, once after the treatment is properly done, to remove remnant poison from the body, young castor leaf shoot is made paste with water, filtered. That water is given for drinking. It is also used in treating Aconitum and opium toxicity.

PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION

Antiinflammatory, Spasmogenic, Hepatoprotective, Antifertility, Purgative, Spasmolytic

FORMULATIONS (Yog)

TAILA

Gandharvahastadi taila, Erandasigrvadi taila

GHRITA

VATI / RASA

CHURNA

Vidaryadi kvath churna, Mashbaladi kvath churna, Erandmooladi kwath churna, Erandshaptak kwath churna

ARISHTA / asava

Balarishta 

LEHYA / RASAYANA

Erandpaka

GUGGULU

lauha

side effects

Overdose may cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hypotension, tachycardia, seizures and it may lead to spontaneous death. Symptoms may begin in 2-4 hours or it may be delayed for 36 hours.

Warning:The information here is only for the purpose of knowledge.

consult your Ayurveda Physician or consult at Shiv Shiva Ayurved.

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